By Manish Chand
Amid apocalyptic death, destruction and dislocation unleashed by the rampaging coronavirus pandemic, India, the world’s fifth largest economy and an emerging global power, has kept its recovery rate high and the fatality rate at less than 2% – one of the lowest in the world.
This has been achieved through multi-pronged efforts and initiatives by the Indian government, including a far-sighted initiative to order a nationwide lockdown in the early stage of the Covid-19 pandemic when there were barely 600 cases in the country.
For a country of over 1.3 billion people, managing an epidemic that requires social distancing is an incredibly onerous task. Yet, India has not only taken care of its own people infected by the virus, but has also complemented domestic efforts with international assistance.
This trait of empathy and solidarity with friends and partners in the world is deeply embedded in India’s civilisational ethos of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” and reflects the country’s rising reputation as a global care-giver and first responder in crises, in the spirit of “the world is one family”.
India has been prompt to provide essential drugs and medical supplies to over 150 countries. This assistance was provided quietly, without any fanfare, earning India heartfelt gratitude and admiration of countries, big and small. From US President Donald Trump to Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni, world leaders have appreciated India’s timely assistance against a merciless pandemic.
The pandemic-related assistance also reaffirmed India’s credentials as the first responder to humanitarian crises and a net security provider in the region.
In a journey spanning over 7,500 nautical miles over 55 days, the Indian Naval Ship Kesari travelled to the Maldives, Mauritius, Madagascar, Comoros and Seychelles and delivered assistance to India’s maritime neighbours. A part of Mission SAGAR, which crystallises Prime Minister Modi’s vision of Security and Growth for All in the Region (SAGAR), India’s humanitarian assistance included supplies of essential food items, medicines, Ayurvedic medicines and deployment of Medical Assistance Teams (MAT) to Mauritius and Comoros. India also sent medical teams to the Maldives and Kuwait to support them deal with the pandemic.
The Covid-19 crisis has sown the seeds of an economic renaissance pivoted around “Atmanirbhar Bharat” that promises to revolutionise domestic manufacturing, and make India the hub of global supply chains.
The quest for self-reliance has produced tangible results, with India moving from being a net importer of Covid-19-related medical items to a net exporter.
Currently, India is manufacturing over 500,000 personal protective equipment (PPE) kits and over 300,000 N-95 masks every day. It is playing the role as the pharmacy of the world during the Covid-19 pandemic with its vast experience and deep knowledge in medicine, setting the tone for many regional and global initiatives, observed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation Secretary-General Vladimir Norov.
Given the transnational spread of the coronavirus pandemic, India launched an unprecedented diplomatic outreach to forge a coherent global response to the crisis. Prime Minister Modi displayed global leadership as he participated in various virtual multilateral summits and spoke to his counterparts from 61 countries.
Showcasing India’s Neighbourhood First policy, PM Modi hosted a virtual conference of the leaders of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and pledged $10 million SAARC Emergency Fund to combat the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) in the region. At the first virtual G20 summit, Modi underlined the imperative for a new kind of humane globalisation, which goes beyond economic and financial calculations. India’s advocacy for people-centric globalisation was reflected the G-20’s decision on debt service suspension for developing countries.
India’s Positive Global Role
The rising global stature of India has been recognised and reaffirmed by the international community in many ways, especially during the last few months of the pandemic.
India has been elected as the chair of the executive board of the World Health Organisation (WHO) at a time when the world is rooting for reforming the global health body.
Underlining India’s rising global stock, US President Donald Trump has proposed the expansion of the G7 grouping of the world’s wealthiest countries to include India, Australia, South Korea and Russia.
To cap it all, India was overwhelmingly elected as a non-permanent member of the powerful UN Security Council for a two-year term on June 17.
In a record of sorts, India won 184 of the 192 ballots cast in the elections for the five non-permanent UNSC seats. It was a vote of confidence in India’s capability to shape the global agenda. India’s two-year term as a non-permanent member of the UNSC will begin from January 1, 2021.
Setting the tone for the eighth stint in the UNSC, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar underscored that India “can play a positive global role,” in the extraordinary situation spawned by the pandemic and stressed that India seeks to move toward NORMS, a ‘New Orientation for a Reformed Multilateral System.
Outlining the country’s priorities in the UNSC, Jaishankar said: “We have always been a voice of reason and a votary of international law. We advocate dialogue, consultation and fairness in our approach to global issues. And we emphasise global development, addressing climate change and eradicating of poverty as central to planet’s future.”
India’s work in the UNSC will be guided by the ‘5Ss’, in Prime Minister Modi’s words. This included Sammaan – Respect; Samwad – Dialogue; Sahyog – Cooperation; Shanti – Peace, to create conditions for universal; and Samriddhi (Prosperity). This 5S vision of India’s foreign policy, dubbed “The India Way”, is finding an increasing global resonance as a Covid-afflicted world searches for lasting solutions to a range of cross-cutting problems and challenges.
India is poised to shape a proactive and constructive agenda for global renewal and remapping the world order, in sync with shifting contemporary realities.
Manish Chand is CEO and Editor-in-Chief of India Writes Network and India and the World, a global affairs magazine