Cyprus is one of the few EU states in which the percentage of residents are citizens of other countries is higher than 10%, coming third after Luxembourg and Malta, according to Eurostat.
It is also one of a few countries where the percentage of residents that are citizens of another EU state is higher than the percentage of residents from non-EU countries.
Some 11% of the residents of Cyprus were citizens of another EU country, while 8% of residents were citizens of non-EU countries.
Overall in the European Union, 5% of residents were citizens of a non-EU country, which in absolute numbers corresponded to 23.7 million people.
The average of EU citizens living in other member states was 4%, corresponding to 13.7 million people.
The largest numbers of non-nationals living in an EU Member State were recorded in Germany (10.6 million people), Spain (5.4 million), France and Italy (both 5.2 million).
Non-nationals in these four Member States collectively represented 70.3% of the total number of non-nationals living in all EU countries.
The EU Member State with the highest share of non-national citizens was Luxembourg (47% of its total population). Out of these, 38% came from a member state and 9% from a non-EU country.
A high proportion of non-nationals was also observed in Malta (8% EU citizens, 12% non-EU citizens, 20% total), Cyprus (11% EU plus 8% non-EU, 19% total), Austria (9% + 8% = 17%), Estonia (2% + 14% = 16%), Latvia (0% + 13% = 13%), Ireland (7% + 6% = 13%), Germany (5% + 7% = 12%), Belgium (8% + 4% = 12%) and Spain (4% + 8% = 12%).
In contrast, non-nationals represented less than 1% of the population in Romania.
This percentage was around 1% in Poland, Slovakia and Bulgaria, 2% in Hungary and 3% in Croatia and Lithuania.
In most EU Member States, the majority of non-nationals were citizens of non-EU countries.
Only in Luxembourg, Cyprus, Austria, Belgium, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Slovakia were non-nationals, mainly citizens of another EU Member State.
Romanian, Polish, Italian and Portuguese citizens were the four main groups of EU citizens living in other Member States on 1 January 2021.