By Danny Kemp and Emmanuel Duparcq
Ukraine’s leader on Wednesday issued an emotive appeal to US lawmakers for greater Western intervention against Russia, which insisted its invasion was going “successfully” despite the West rallying to Kyiv’s side via arms and sanctions.
In a landmark virtual address to Congress, President Volodymyr Zelensky invoked Pearl Harbor, the 9/11 attacks and Martin Luther King Jr as he showed a video of the destruction inflicted on his cities by three weeks of Russian attacks.
Ukrainian officials said ten people had been killed while queuing for bread in the northern city of Chernigiv, and an unspecified number died in a Russian strike on civilians fleeing the besieged city of Mariupol.
Dull booms echoed across the deserted streets of Ukraine’s capital Kyiv, with only an occasional vehicle passing through sandbagged checkpoints, and very few permits granted to break its latest curfew.
Kyiv has been emptied of around half of its 3.5 million people but Eduard Demenchuk, a private-security employee in his 50s, was among those who have stayed.
“It’s worrying, of course. It’s war after all. But we try to stay calm, we won’t allow panic,” he told AFP by telephone, after stocking up on groceries for the duration of the curfew.
“To tell the truth, I wasn’t planning to leave Kyiv anyway,” Demenchuk added. “If need be, we will take arms and will stand to defend the city.”
Russian rocket fire also hit a train station in Zaporizhzhia, used by refugees fleeing Mariupol, regional authorities said.
Some 20,000 residents have been allowed to leave Mariupol. But exhausted, shivering evacuees speak of harrowing escape journeys and rotting corpses littering the streets.
Kyiv rejected Russian demands to impose neutrality on Ukraine, and Zelensky demanded the United States and its NATO allies impose a no-fly zone, so that “Russia would not be able to terrorize our free cities”.
Switching to English, Zelensky addressed US President Joe Biden in saying: “I wish you to be the leader of the world. Being the leader of the world means to be the leader of peace.”
Putin warns West
The speech received standing ovations from the members of Congress, much like Zelensky’s prior addresses to the UK and EU parliaments — which were also rich in historical references most likely to strike a chord with their influential audiences.
Russian President Vladimir Putin, however, also reached back to history as he denounced the West’s “pogroms” against Russia and its sanctions “blitzkrieg”, which he said had failed.
At a televised government meeting, Putin insisted the invasion was “developing successfully, in strict accordance with plans”.
“And we will not allow Ukraine to serve as a springboard for aggressive actions against Russia,” he added.
NATO will hold an emergency summit next week in Brussels with Biden attending — but it has so far resisted Zelensky’s pleas for direct involvement for fear of starting World War III.
NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg said the alliance would put “substantially more forces” on its eastern flank, but was not planning to deploy forces to Ukraine.
Biden and other NATO leaders have instead been stepping up military support for Ukraine including anti-tank weapons that have helped to stall Russian forces north of Kyiv.
Coinciding with Zelensky’s speech, a White House official said Biden would unveil another $800 million of military aid, expected to include more anti-tank and anti-aircraft missiles.
Zelensky had earlier responded to the hacking of Ukrainian TV news with a message demanding Ukraine lay down its arms.
The hack was “the latest childish provocation” from Moscow, he said, claiming the invasion had killed 103 Ukrainian children.
The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court was in Ukraine to investigate Russian atrocities, the president added.
“So the occupiers will be held responsible for all of the war crimes against Ukrainians.”
Russia was meanwhile ordered to end its invasion by another tribunal, the International Court of Justice, which deals with disputes between UN countries.
Ukraine and Russia held another round of peace talks, after Zelensky conceded that NATO membership was not on the table, in an apparent concession to Moscow.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said a “compromise” outcome would centre on Ukraine becoming a neutral state comparable to Sweden and Austria.
But while the talks remained ongoing, Zelensky’s office gave the idea short shrift.
“Ukraine is now in a direct state of war with Russia. Consequently, the model can only be ‘Ukrainian’ and only on legally verified security guarantees,” Kyiv’s negotiator Mikhailo Podolyak said.
After a morale-boosting train journey to Kyiv by the leaders of Poland, the Czech Republic and Slovenia, International Committee of the Red Cross president Peter Maurer came for a five-day visit.
He noted the “enormous suffering by the civilian population” in Ukraine and stressed it was “utterly important” for the ICRC’s neutral humanitarian work to be recognised on the ground.
The conflict has already sent more than three million Ukrainians fleeing across the border.
Punishing Western sanctions against Putin’s regime have also stepped up this week, pushing Russia to the brink of default on its foreign debts.
Moscow was due Wednesday to pay $117 million on two dollar-denominated bonds — the first interest payment that has fallen due since it was largely shut out of the Western financial system.
The Kremlin has sought to shut down domestic opposition to the war, blocking access to at least 15 Russian and foreign-based media including the BBC and investigation website Bellingcat.
Isolated internationally, Putin has turned to Chechnya and Syria to replenish his invasion force — and to China for economic support.
But facing stern US threats against helping Russia to bypass the sanctions, foreign ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said Beijing would take “strong counter-measures” if Washington retaliates.
Russian Patriarch Kirill — who has supported Putin’s war — and Pope Francis meanwhile agreed in talks on the need for a “just peace”, Kirill’s office said.
© Agence France-Presse