S&P 500 hits new record high. What next?

2 mins read

By Han Tan, Market Analyst at FXTM


The monkey is now off the S&P 500’s back.

After teasing investors with multiple attempts in recent trading sessions, the benchmark US stock index registered a new record high after closing at 3389.78 and fully wiped out its losses since the start of the Covid-19 pandemic. The S&P 500 is now up nearly 5% year-to-date and the futures continue to inch higher.

Looking back at past instances when the benchmark index broke even following a bear market, the S&P 500 has historically added another 4.5% over the ensuing six months, with the next peak arriving after climbing 71%, on average.

Still, this does not mean that US equities are now immune from further correction or a new bear market. The lessons from 1989 and 2007 show that US equities can enter another bear market within 12 months, despite fully exiting the previous bear market. In other words, further gains are not a foregone conclusion.

From a fundamental perspective, equity bulls are hoping that the next round of US fiscal support measures can be rolled out sooner rather than later, in order to preserve the momentum of the economic recovery. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s recent suggestion that Democrats are willing to compromise with Republicans may pave the way for the stimulus package’s eventual approval, potentially translating into more near-term gains for equities.

Investors also have to remain vigilant over the rising US-China tensions, which threaten to erode Big Tech earnings. Such a risk could hobble the S&P 500’s primary driver that has propelled the index back to its lofty heights.

At least the Federal Reserve is ensuring a steady tailwind for equities, having rolled out unprecedented monetary stimulus.

Considering the ultra-low yields in fixed-income assets, all that money in the system is finding its home in riskier assets like stocks. Once a vaccine is ready for mass rollout, that could be the “pedal to the metal” signal for more market participants to head into equities, potentially at the expense of safe-have assets such as Gold.


Dollar in the doldrums

Looking beyond US equities, the Dollar index (DXY) has bounced off the 92.10 support, even as it remains near its lowest levels since May 2018. Markets expect more Dollar weakness to come, which is what the world needs in order to improve the economy’s prospects of a post-pandemic recovery.

The upcoming release of the latest FOMC minutes could trigger another leg down for the Greenback, especially if there is an obvious signal that the Fed is willing to tolerate faster US inflation. The central bank’s forward guidance or potential cues on its asset-purchase plans could also make for a more conducive environment for equities to explore new record highs, while potentially unravelling more of the Dollar’s gains from the past two years.


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