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Markets mixed as spotlight shines on US CPI

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By Lukman Otunuga, Senior Research Analyst at FXTM

Asian shares struggled for direction Tuesday morning as concerns about inflation and the outlook for economic growth weighed on sentiment.

Overnight, Wall Street’s main indices were mostly flat with a sales warning from Nvidia dragging down the tech sector. In Europe, stocks opened lower due to the growing caution ahead of the US inflation report on Wednesday.

Looking at currencies, king dollar has retreated from recent highs, while EUR/USD is trading around the sticky 1.02 level. Gold seems to be waiting for a fresh fundamental spark, while oil prices are under pressure as OPEC’s monthly report and EIA data loom.

On the data front, Australian consumer sentiment slumped in August thanks to the horrible combination of soaring inflation, rising interest rates, and gloomy outlook on living costs. This marks the ninth consecutive month that sentiment has stayed negative.

Will US Inflation report spark fireworks?

The main risk event and potential market shaker this week will be the latest US inflation figures on Wednesday. After accelerating by 9.1% in June, markets are forecasting a cooling in July annual inflation to 8.7%.

Should expectations match reality, this could be a breath of fresh air for financial markets and fuel optimism around inflation plateauing. Given how markets remain obsessive and incredibly reactive to any topic relating to rising prices, explosive levels of volatility could be on the cards.

If US consumer prices defy market expectations by rising again, this is likely to reinforce expectations around the Fed hiking rates by another 75 basis points in September. According to Bloomberg, traders are currently pricing in this scenario with around a 74% probability.

Alternatively, if the inflation report meets or misses expectations, this could raise hopes over consumer prices peaking. Such a development could encourage the Fed to step back from its aggressive approach toward hiking rates, which could send the dollar tumbling and Treasury yields declining.

Gold recovers from selloff

Gold was able to recover from last Friday’s selloff after the strong jobs report cooled recession fears and fortified expectations for more aggressive Fed rate hikes. Bulls wasted little time in clawing back the post-NFP losses Monday with prices trading around $1785.50 early Tuesday.

Although buyers have been in the driving seat for the past three weeks, the pending US CPI report could shift the balance of power between bulls and bears.

A strong inflation report could deal zero-yielding gold a heavy blow as aggressive rate hike bets jump. Alternatively, a weak report may provide the precious metal an opportunity to push higher.

From a technical perspective, there are a couple of tough resistance levels that bulls may face down the road.

The first one is around $1785, where the 50-day SMA resides and $1830, a key point just below the 100 and 200-day Simple Moving Average. If bears end up dominating the scene, prices may sink back towards $1752 and $1724.

 

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