Choppy trade ahead of ECB

3 mins read

By Craig Erlam 

Stock markets are understandably choppy so far this week, as Europe posts small gains with Italy being the outlier on Tuesday, up more than 1%.

It’s shaping to be a critical week for Europe, with Brussels nervously waiting to see whether gas flows will resume following the completed maintenance of Nord Stream 1 on Thursday. That’s the same day that the central bank will be weighing up a 25 or 50 basis point rate hike to combat soaring inflation in the bloc.

There were already massive doubts about whether flows would resume, with many suggesting Russia could be prepared to ramp up the weaponisation of energy in response to western sanctions.

There’s been plenty of occasions over the last year when Russia has claimed it hasn’t politicised energy supplies with Europe, something many would speculate isn’t the case and later this week, that could become extremely clear.

In calling a force majeure dating back a month on Monday, Gazprom may have laid out how it plans to delay the resumption of flows which the European Commission expects to happen. Not that the company or the Kremlin would be hoping to fool anyone, it’s simply a legal exercise, but it could set the stage for the winter to come.

And all of this makes the ECB’s job all the more difficult. The bloc is probably already facing a recession, but it can’t continue to ignore inflation running at more than four times the target, even if the core is much lower at 3.7%.

Despite previous guidance being a 25 basis point hike this month, it was suggested Tuesday morning that the ECB is considering turbo-charging the lift-off and raising rates to zero percent. It really shouldn’t be the big deal it’s being perceived to be, but that would represent a monumental shift by the central bank.

Markets are pricing in a strong chance of a 50 basis point hike on Thursday. I wonder if the move will depend on any announcement from Gazprom in the lead-up to it.

If the company declares supplies won’t resume due to delays, the ECB may opt to hold back in anticipation of a further economic shock. No announcement in time for the meeting could yield the same result.

The euro was performing quite well ahead of the ECB meeting, which given it breached parity against the dollar last week may come as a surprise. It may also be temporary, considering the pullback in the dollar as risk appetite has improved and contributed enormously to the pair moving away from parity.

Weaker earnings weigh on sterling

It’s also doing well against the pound following the UK jobs report Tuesday morning.

The data was largely in line with expectations, with the unemployment rate remaining at 3.8% and earnings excluding bonuses increasing slightly to 4.3%. Including bonuses, earnings rose only 6.2% after rising 6.8% in May, with forecasts pointing to a slight increase from there.

Is this a sign of wage pressures abating, something the BoE would no doubt like to see as it desperately tries to cling on to its gradual approach to tightening?

Whether it stops them from joining the 50 basis point club in a couple of weeks is another thing, with markets pricing in a 91% chance that they will ramp it up.

Oil gains

It’s been another volatile couple of days for oil, with Joe Biden’s seemingly unsuccessful trip to the Middle East very much stealing the spotlight. Traders continue to weigh up tight supplies against recession prospects which have brought the price back to a suddenly more reasonable $100 a barrel.

We could see it slip further if economic prospects continue to deteriorate, or if Saudi Arabia hints at turning on the taps faster. The former is possible, but the latter still looks unlikely.

Traders will be keenly awaiting the next OPEC+ meeting in a couple of weeks.

Will gold break $1,700?

Gold was struggling Tuesday even as the dollar fell around two-thirds of one percent.

The prospect of it breaking away from $1,700 to the upside is looking increasingly slim if it can’t even do so when the dollar has fallen more than 2.5% from its highs over the last few sessions. Yields not sliding alongside that may be responsible.

A break below $1,700 could be a big move, but I still believe $1,680 may be bigger given how important a level of support it’s been in the past. It will be interesting to see how the momentum holds up around those levels.

Can bitcoin gather momentum?

Bitcoin is enjoying this period of improved sentiment, a weaker dollar and a scarcity of new worrying headlines.

It’s still above $22,000, although Monday’s foray above quickly saw the price pushed back.

While the rebound has been impressive, I’m still struggling to see the sustainability in it.

It still technically looks like a consolidation pattern after a sharp decline which is typically bearish. Of course, that doesn’t mean it will be this time, but it still appears the more likely path of travel.


Craig Erlam is Senior Market Analyst, UK & EMEA at OANDA

Opinions are the author’s, not necessarily that of OANDA Global Corporation or any of its affiliates, subsidiaries, officers or directors. Leveraged trading is high risk and not suitable for all. Losses can exceed investments.