By 2020, companies will have shifted the majority of their research and development (R&D) spending away from product-based offerings to software and service offerings. According to the Global Innovation 1000 Study from PwC’s Strategy&, the main reason for this shift in R&D budgets is the need to stay competitive. The study showed that companies which reported faster revenue growth relative to key competitors allocated 25% more of their R&D budgets to software offerings than companies which reported slower revenue growth.
Studies also showed that the average allocation of R&D spending for software and services increased from 54% to 59% between 2010 and 2015 and is expected to grow to 63% by 2020.
Furthermore, the average allocation of R&D spending dedicated to product-based offerings fell to 41% (from 46% in 2012), and is expected to fall to 37% by 2020 (an overall decrease of 19% in a decade).
Average allocation of R&D spending on software offerings alone will increase by 43% by the end of this decade and R&D spending on services will gradually overtake investments in product-based innovation (39% vs. 37% by 2020), while global R&D spending on software offerings has increased by 65% between 2010-2015, from $86 bln to $142 bln.
“The shift is being driven by the supercharged pace of improvement in what software can do, including the increasing use of embedded software and sensors in products, the ability to reliably and inexpensively connect products, customers and manufacturers via the Internet of Things (IoT), and the availability of cloud-based data storage,” said Barry Jaruzelski, innovation and R&D expert for Strategy& and principal with PwC US.
To support the development of software and services offerings, fewer companies will focus their spending on the electrical and mechanical field. By 2020, the number of companies reporting that electrical engineers are their top employed engineering specialty will fall by 35% and the proportion of companies that expect that data engineers will represent their largest group of employed engineers will double from 8% to 16%, the PwC survey added.
Among companies that made an acquisition in the past five years, the vast majority – 71% – were made to enhance capabilities in software (33%) or services (38%)
Strategy&’s annual analysis of the world’s 1000 largest R&D spenders also found that by 2018, the healthcare sector will surpass computing and electronics to become the largest R&D spending industry globally ($165 bln vs $159 bln), and the software and internet industry will leap ahead of the automotive sector ($129 bln vs $105 bln). Industrials rounds out the Top 5 R&D industries by spend.
For the first time in the study’s history, the number of Global Innovation 1000 companies headquartered in the US grew, up 9.5% year over year.
Volkswagen, Samsung, Amazon, Alphabet (Google) and Intel round the Top 5 R&D Spenders, with Amazon and Google making bold moves up the list (+4 and +2 positions, respectively).
Global innovation professionals responding to a 2016 survey have ranked Apple, Alphabet (Google), and 3M as the three Most Innovative Companies in the world.
The 10 most innovative companies continue to outperform the Top 10 R&D Spenders on key performance metrics, as has been the case for each of the past seven years.
Get all the latest news and videos in your inbox. Register FREE